The knee tends to lose its flexibility with time due to injury or advancing age. Hence, it starts to pain extremely making it tough for such people to even bend their knees. Hence, mobility gets restricted, while pain increases as cartilage between two knees starts to wear out with age. Thus, people find it difficult to carry out their day to day activities. In such cases, knee replacement surgery is suggested by the qualified physicians, if relief is not derived from physiotherapy, medications and other available non-surgical methods.
- What happens during knee replacement surgery?
During the surgical process, the damaged knee joints due to osteoarthritis or injury get replaced using mechanical implants. Partial or total knee replacement is suggested depending upon the knee condition.
- Total knee replacement – Is it the only solution for getting relief from pain emerging due to osteoarthritis?
No. But, around 90% of the knee related surgeries conducted tend to include this surgical procedure. Other options available are minimal invasive knee replacement, partial knee replacement, pain control using ointments and drugs and physical therapy.
- Risks Involved In Knee Replacement Surgery
This procedure is suggested by the qualified physicians only if other methods seem to fail in providing relief to the symptoms. It is a safe procedure. Complications have been faced only by a small percentage of patients after the replacement surgery. A common risk noticed is occurrence of infection. But only 2% of patients have been affected. The other complications involve damage to surrounding tissue and blood vessels, blood clots and defect in implant or its rejection.
- Recovery time taken
Although surgeons are of the opinion that osteoarthritis patients will be able to normally walk just after a week after the operation, the fact is, several weeks of rest will be required for the patient to fully recover from the surgery. After the replacement, the patients are suggested to follow combination of occupational and physical therapy for few days. Hospital stay will require about 3 to 5 days. Patients will be able to stand or walk without support or using a walker as they leave the facility. Recovery and rehab continues for around 2 months after surgery. Some exercises are also suggested to be performed regularly at home to ensure quick and smooth recovery. After 8 weeks, the patient can be expected to walk and stand properly without requiring support as well as carry out all household work effectively. But some patients may experience slow recovery. They are to avoid complete bending and squatting of the knee to avoid further complications.
- Is the procedure completely safe?
Knee replacement is being suggested to patients for over 4 decades and hence, is a time tested surgical procedure. But it has its own risks. There can be infection, bleeding and blood clots taking place.
The physician will help the patient to Know About Knee Replacement Surgery and the complications that may arise after the procedure and how to prevent them from occurring.