Dealing with mental illnesses is no joke as they generally seem to be beyond your control. Eating disorders, which are marked by abnormal eating behaviours are also very difficult to deal with and are among one of the most common mental illnesses faced by teens and adults across the planet.
In other words, eating disorders can be described as a person’s abnormal relationship with food which is generally triggered by a desire to lose weight. People struggling with eating disorder fear weight gain and that’s the reason they take illogical steps to reduce their weight.
Anorexia nervosa is one of the most common eating disorder that is experienced by a large number of teens and adults world over. Apart from Anorexia nervosa, other common mental conditions associated with abnormal eating behaviour include, bulimia nervosa and binge eating. The one thing that is common between people struggling with all of these eating disorders is that they all fear weight gain and they all feel like hiding their problem from others. Since they do not like the idea of sharing their condition with others, it’s better their families approach them politely.
A Detailed Description of Anorexia Nervosa
Anorexia nervosa is a medical condition or a mental illness that is characterised by a deep and endless urge to lose weight by reducing food consumption or by skipping meals. When a person with this mental problem is invited by their friends and relatives for a dinner party or a get-together, they always try to find excuses to skip the event so that they can stay away from the food -which they generally consider is not that healthy for them.
They always try to find ways of skipping such events wherein they are offered food so that they can maintain a low weight. Even if a person is not that fat, they think that they need to reduce their weight to look good. They start disliking their physical structure or body shape – which they believe look very bad because of excessive weight and that’s the reason they begin to eat less.
Cutting down on food makes them feel that they will lose weight soon but that’s actually a very dangerous move as that’s taken without the supervision of a healthcare professional. Just because you want to lose weight, it does not mean you have to start skipping food and starve yourself. It can have very dangerous consequences for your overall health.
Health Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa
Several types of health problems start to occur when a person’s relationship with food becomes abnormal especially when they start starving themselves. People with Anorexia Nervosa start experience heart problems such as low blood pressure and irregular heartbeats. In addition to that, they also suffer from heart failure. They also struggle with blood vessel problems when they start consuming very less food.
Bone & Muscle Problems
It’s quite natural that when you start supplying fewer nutrients to your body you begin to experience weakness and the same applies to the patients of Anorexia Nervosa. Their bones start to become fragile – a medical condition which is generally known as Osteoporosis. In addition to that, they also start facing muscle problems.
Problem in the Functioning of Brain
Another crucial medical condition that is associated with this mental illness is that people start facing difficulties in remembering things (memory loss) and they also find it utterly hard to concentrate on their work.
Other crucial health complications faced by people due to Anorexia Nervosa include sexual problems, anaemia, and kidney problem.
So, if you are also struggling with Anorexia Nervosa, here is how to treat your problem effectively.
Outpatient Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa
You can go for an outpatient treatment centres like CHARTER Harley Street, Priory Group etc. If you manage to detect your problem in its initial stage. In this type of treatment, you have to consult your therapist and a skilled nutritionist a couple of times in a week. Describing your problem in details remain crucial because that’s how your healthcare professional get an in-depth understanding of your medical condition. In this kind of treatment, you can easily attend your office or follow your normal routine as you just have to meet your therapist 2 to 3 times in a week.
Inpatient Treatment Programe for Anorexia Nervosa
Suppose you have reached to a severe condition then your healthcare professionals will recommend you to go for an inpatient treatment program as it offers intensive care to patients. You will be attended by your nutritionist, therapist and other associated healthcare professionals almost regularly so that your condition can be monitored frequently.
In addition to that, when you stay in an environment which is suitable for recovery you will experience a quick improvement in your health.
Important Therapies that Help in the Recovery from Eating Disorder
Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT)
One of the most crucial therapies which are recommended for treating eating disorders is Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT), wherein the patient in question is attended by a registered dietitian who prepares effective diet plan so that healthy weight can be gained fast if a person is underweight. The dietitian tries to educate the patient so that they can understand the importance of eating a balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is also very useful when it comes to treating eating disorders. It is a kind of psychotherapy that helps the patients to deal with their negative thoughts effectively. In the case of Anorexia Nervosa patients are taught how to deal with the fear of gaining weight and love themselves for who they are.
Apart from CBT and MNT, you can also go for Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) to treat your mental illness.