Reports suggest that infertility issues among African men have alarmingly declined due to low sperm count. Large scale proliferation of pesticides including malathion, endosulfan and DDT are generally found to be trigger factors for this low sperm action. While decline in sperm count in men is a leading cause of global concern, it appears to be the highest in African continent. Factors like changes in lifestyle are said to be largely contributing for this decline in sperm count. Kenya has been among the many African countries which have until recently been using malathion and DDT in control of malaria. It is also a fact that sperm count has declined by about 72 percent in Kenya over the last 50 years. National surveys conducted in Kenya have revealed that almost 16 percent of Kenyan men of reproductive age are infertile.
Most Common Types of Infertility Treatments
The type of fertility treatment which is required for a couple will largely depend upon the cause of infertility. Some of the most common types of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) procedures required by childless couples include intrauterine insemination (IUI), donor sperm, donor eggs, in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), surrogacy, donor embryos, gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) and reproductive surgery.
- In Vitro Fertilization – In vitro fertilization or IVF is a multistep process which involves extracting eggs from the female and fertilizing them with sperm within the laboratory. Subsequently, one or two developed embryos are implanted in the uterus during the in vitro fertilization procedure, while others are stored. In vitro fertilization is most ideal treatment for older women or for women having severely damaged or blocked fallopian tubes. Men with very poor quality of sperms and couples with unexplained infertility can also benefit from in vitro fertilization.
- Intrauterine Insemination – Intrauterine insemination or IUI in short involves specially prepared sperms which are directly inserted into the female uterus through a thin and flexible tube called catheter. Infertility doctors may ask women to take fertility drugs as well during intrauterine insemination procedure in order to increase chances of fertilization. However, success of intrauterine insemination fertility treatment depends upon the age of the woman and the quality of sperm.
- Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection – Intracytoplasmic sperm injection procedure involves selecting a single healthy sperm from the male semen and which is then directly injected into the egg with help of a microscopic needle. After the egg has developed into an embryo it is transferred into the female uterus as part of the intracytoplasmic sperm injection ART procedure.
Infertility Treatments in India are Highly Affordable
Infertility treatments in India are an excellent opportunity for childless couples seeking good quality of affordable healthcare in foreign countries. Doctors performing infertility treatments in India are highly trained and well experienced and have delivered successful outcomes at par with the best in the world. Along with this, cost of infertility treatments in India are highly affordable and comparatively just a fraction of what these ART procedures cost in other healthcare destinations across the world. In fact, most overseas couples would save about 70 percent of their hard earned money by undergoing infertility treatments in India.